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RFID Technology – Some Basic Information

RFID or Radio Frequency Identification, is the new technology talked about for product identification and data storage that can be used where barcodes fail. It is based mostly on the same concept as barcode besides that the tactic of encoding data is completely different since barcodes require a line of sight optical scan. As an automatic identification technology it reads encoded data with the aid of radio frequency waves. Its biggest advantage is that it doesn’t essentially want a tag or label to be seen to read the data stored.

RFID tags fall into classes, active or passive. Active tags have an inside battery with a read and write option, permitting modification of data. The memory measurement of the tag is variable with some tags having memory area of as much as 1 MB. Passive RFID tags do not have an external energy supply and instead use the power generated from the reader. They’re due to this fact lighter, cheaper, and have an unlimited lifetime of operation, unlike active tags have a ten-year span. Passive RFID tags are programmed with a particular set of data that can not be modified and being read-only, they operate as a license plate in a database.

Passive RFID tags have a low-energy integrated circuit hooked up to an antenna and a protective packaging is used to enclose it depending on the application it goes to be used for. The IC has an on-board memory that stores data. The IC uses the antenna to obtain and transmit information to an exterior reader, typically referred to as an interrogator. Tags are additionally called inlays and transponders. In technical phrases an inlay is simply a tag on a flexible substrate ready for conversion into a smart label. The smart label can prolong the basic functioning of RFID by combining barcode technology and human readable information. Smart labels embrace an adhesive label embedded with an RFID tag inlay. Thus they provide the benefits of read range and the unsupervised capability of tags, with the flexibility and comfort of on-demand label printing.

RFID systems have variable frequency ranges, and the frequency level decides their use for applications. Their biggest asset is their operation without a line-of-sight and without contact. Thus they can be read through fog and snow, heat and dust, and different environmentally robust conditions the place barcodes or every other optical identification systems would fail. Their high reading speeds are another advantage despite the fact that RFID technology is more expensive.

At current almost each RFID implementation is totally different as a result of performance requirements and value factors besides the signal transmission restrictions. They’re used where barcodes prove inadequate however that doesn’t males that RFID technology will replace barcodes. The market is big sufficient for each to proceed side by side.

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